Category Archives: Competition Law

Competition Law

SpicyIP Tidbit: CCI Orders Investigation Against Pharma Major Roche


The Competition Commission of India, based on a positive prima facie determination on contravention of Section 4(2)(c) of the Competition Act, ordered investigation against pharma major Roche with respect to the cancer drug, Trastuzumab. The complaint was filed by Biocon and Mylan Pharmaceuticals. I shall be carrying a detailed analysis shortly. [Section 4. Abuse of Dominant position (1) No enterprise or group shall abuse its dominant position.] (2) There shall be an abuse of dominant position 4 [under sub-section (1),…


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Competition Law Patent Unfair Competition

A Critique of the Decision in Unwired Planet v. Huawei


On April 5, 2017, the UK High Court of Justice (Patents), Mr. Justice Colin Birss issued a detailed opinion [Unwired Planet v. Huawei ([2017] EWHC 711 (Pat), 5 Apr. 2017] in a matter involving SEPs and FRAND.  The Unwired Planet v. Huawei (hereafter “Unwired”) decision is extremely contentious and this posts covers only the issues that I believe need further consideration. Disclaimer: I advise several clients in matters involving SEPs and FRAND.  These are my views only. Long post follows. Background:…


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Competition Law Patent

Charging for Expired Patents: The How and Why the Practice Should Stop


This is a continuation of my previous post where I had briefly referred to charging for expired patents.  This post goes in greater detail in the issue. If I were to summarize this post, it would be: Portfolio licensing and FRAND commitments do not go together.  This post also highlights why it is important to keep the historical context in mind while dealing with 20 year monopolies as those of us who forget history are condemned to repeat it. A…


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Competition Law Drug Regulation

Poorly Drafted Regulatory Laws are Becoming the New Barrier for Indians to Access More Affordable Biotech Products


In highly regulated industries like pharmaceuticals and biotechnology, where all market players are required to prove the safety and efficacy of their products to government regulators, the lack of an efficient regulatory mechanism can act as a substantial hurdle to competition and greater accessibility. In such cases, poor regulation provides IP owners a window to further delay competition even after their patent rights expire. To facilitate better competition in these sectors, it is necessary for governments to create new regulatory…


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Competition Law Innovation Unfair Competition

Qualcomm under Fire: Korea FTC, US FTC, Class Action Suits, and Apple


  This (long) post is about Qualcomm.  Qualcomm has a business model that is based on IP, whether it is IP creation (SEP or manufacturing related) or IP licensing.  It has been the historical practice in the technology industry that licensing was, and per Qualcomm and related parties, still is, done on end value of device. Qualcomm, Ericsson, and Nokia are three top players in the SEP licensing domain and unsurprisingly hold similar views as their business model is SEP licensing….


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Competition Law Patent

IP vs Competition Law: Who Trumps Whom?


To say that IP vs Competition interface is a contested one is an understatement. Indeed, much ink has been spilt on resolving the apparent tension inherent within! And into this murky territory, I decided to wade right in…to commemorate what is known celebrated as the “World Competition Day”. I was requested to do a piece on this theme by CUTS, a leading think tank in India (and globally as well) on trade and competition policy. Apart from traversing the obvious…


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Competition Law Patent Unfair Competition

Samsung gets a favourable ruling v. Apple from the US Supreme Court


In a crisp 10 page unanimous opinion, the US Supreme Court overruled the (unanimous) Federal Circuit decision.   The US Supremes held that an “article of manufacture” need not be the end product as was claimed by Apple and agreed with Samsung that the article could be an intermediate product or a component !!! “The Federal Circuit’s narrower reading of ‘article of manufacture’ cannot be squared with the text of §289. The Federal Circuit found that components of the infringing smartphones…


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Competition Law Overlaps in IP Patent

My views on Session on ‘Open Standards’ in SpicyIP Consilience, 2016


 In the recently concluded SpicyIP Consilience 2016 Conference at NLS, we had an interesting session on Open Standards, FRAND and Royalty-Free models (pertaining to licensing of Standard Essential Patents). Mr. Rajiv Choudhary, Prof. Yogesh Pai, Mr. Navneet Hariharan and Prof. Natasha Nayak spoke in this session. The session discussed some interesting issues pertaining to: a) creation of value by royalty free standards; b) working of FRAND; c) creation of value by standards; and d) royalty-free model vis-a-vis FRAND model. If you…


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Competition Law Patent

Ericsson vs CCI- The Future of Indian SEP Disputes?-II


In this post, Swati continues her analysis of the recent decision of the Delhi High Court in Telefonaktiebolaget lm Ericsson v Competition Commission of India W.P.(C) 464/2014 & CM Nos.911/2014 & 915/2014. Can the allegations made by Micromax and Intex be construed as abuse of dominance? Micromax and Intex, both claimed that exorbitant royalty rates and unfair licensing terms proposed by Ericsson amount to a patent holdup. Further, FRAND terms have been violated by Ericsson’s opaque licence negotiations and legal…


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Competition Law Patent

Ericsson vs CCI- The Future of Indian SEP Disputes?-I


In this post, Swati Muthukumar, our Spicy IP Fellowship applicant discusses the recent judgment of the Delhi High Court in Telefonaktiebolaget lm Ericsson v Competition Commission of India W.P.(C) 464/2014 & CM Nos.911/2014 & 915/2014. We have previously blogged about the recent Delhi High Court judgment, in which the court ordered the Competition Commission of India (“CCI”) to continue its investigation into Ericsson’s alleged anti-competitive practices. In this two part post, I will analyse the issues raised in the judgment…


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