Category Archives: Plant Variety Protection

Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: The Story of ‘Sona Moti’


In the next post in the ongoing series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Natalie Kopytko, Post-Doctoral Research Associate at University of Leeds shares the story of a variety of wheat recently named Sona Moti. In way of context, the post briefly describes the current revival of ancient grains globally, specifically Emmer wheat varieties. The story of Sona Moti demonstrates the issues of traceability in variety development and the importance of intellectually property-broad. The Story of Sona Moti Natalie Kopytko…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Model Farms and Farmers in Seva


In the next post in the ongoing series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Natalie Kopytko, Post-Doctoral Research Associate at University of Leeds shares stories of farmers creating model farms to educate others about natural farming methods. The cultivation techniques are a crucial aspect to sustainable innovations; moreover, this story discusses community support and socio-economic sustainability. Model Farms and Farmers in Seva Natalie Kopytko Cultivation of traditional varieties, often termed Desi seeds, require no external inputs (chemical fertilizers or pesticides)….


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Rolling out DLT/Blockchain Based Solutions for Sustainable Seed Innovations – Ethical Issues (Part IV)


Rolling out DLT/Blockchain Based Solutions for Sustainable Seed Innovations: Ethical Issues to be Considered Mrinalini Kochupillai As discussed in Prong 3, blockchains/DLTs are essentially platforms that help manage data, and when designed and governed using appropriate models, can help solve problems of trust, traceability and equitable data collection, storage and use. Blockchain/DLT can also support and facilitate payments (including royalty payments) of equitable compensation to those sharing their data. Blockchains can be public or private (or a combination of public…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part III)


Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part III) Mrinalini Kochupillai (iii) Seed Certification, Safety and Efficacy: Re-distributing responsibilities and rewards India’s Seeds Bill[1] that has been pending since 2004, aims to establish certain systems that can facilitate the emergence of regional, national as well as international markets for indigenous/heterogenous seeds. For example, the mandatory seed certification requirement can help farmers and farmer groups get their varieties quality tested and…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part II)


Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation: Legal & Ethical Issues (Part II) Mrinalini Kochupillai Disengage Benefit Sharing for PGR Access from Downstream IPR Protection In the context of the Seed Treaty (and the Indian PPV & FR Act, 2001), it is necessary to re-think the current legal provisions that mandate benefit sharing only if the downstream research with PGRs is protected by intellectual property rights.[1] It may be possible to justify this current limitation…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part I)


In the next four part post in the ongoing series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Dr. Mrinalini Kochupillai, co-investigator, Sustainable Seed Innovations 2.0 Project and corresponding author of the forthcoming SSI 2.0 Position Paper for the Government of India, identifies key legal hurdles that currently prevent sustainable seed innovations in India. The post also discusses how blockchain/DLT, coupled with AI/Machine learning applications can potentially help overcome these hurdles. The fourth part of this blog post also highlights certain ethical…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Laying the Foundation for Innovation


In the next post in the ongoing blog post series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Natalie Kopytko, Post-Doctoral Research Associate at University of Leeds shares stories of farmers using traditional methods to store seeds. Laying the Foundation for Innovation Natalie Kopytko A foundation seed is the ‘pure seed stocks grown by or under the supervision of a public agency for use in the production of registered and certified seed’. When it comes to ‘informal’ farmer-level innovation, foundation seed(s) take…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seeds Project: Research Funding for Sustainable Agriculture – A Non-Sustainable State of Affairs (Part II)


Research Funding for Sustainable Agriculture: A Non-Sustainable State of Affairs (Part II) Julia Köninger[1] Consequences of the Sub-Optimal Research Funding Going into Sustainable Agricultural Systems  The gap in research fund creates a gap in scientific knowledge.[1] Studies have shown, that a major knowledge gap exists especially vis-à-vis the quantification of costs of agricultural production systems, from their environmental, social and health perspective.[2] Further research is needed in the area of eco-functional intensification of agriculture,[3] and also, research on ecosystem services…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seeds Project: Research Funding for Sustainable Agriculture – A Non-Sustainable State of Affairs (Part I)


In the following two part post in the ongoing blog post series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Julia Köninger (Technical University Munich) investigated research funds that flow into different farming approaches. The post shows that most fundings currently flow into high-input farming neglecting the sustainability of these practices. It emphasizes the consequent dearth of research for low-input farming and shows the urge to adapt research funds in order to close current knowledge gaps. Research Funding for Sustainable Agriculture: A…


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Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Prong 3 – Re-Thinking Incentive Structures (Part III)


Prong 3: Re-thinking Incentive Structures Blockchain/DLT Supported Incentives for Sustainable Seed Innovations? (Part III) Mrinalini Kochupillai iii) Blockchain/DLT and In Situ Innovations with Agrobiodiversity As discussed in above, three major hurdles that need to be overcome in order to facilitate sustainable seed innovations (especially by small farmers) as well as monetization of sustainable seed  innovations for the benefit of small farmers and their rural communities are: (i) the issue of traceability: the origin of indigenous seeds is rather difficult to trace…


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