Category Archives: Innovation

Innovation Patent

The India Innovation Index 2019 – Great Start, But Why Hide Section 3(d) and CLs in It?


The 7 pillars that it refers to are: Innovation input aka 'enabler' pillars: (1) Human Capital, (2) Investment, (3) Knowledge Employment, (4) Business Environment, and (5) Safety and Legal Environment; and Innovation output aka 'performance' pillars: (1) Knowledge Output and (2) Knowledge Diffusion. While the report 

On October 24th, the Niti Aayog released the first edition of the India Innovation Index (III). The Institute for Competitiveness was the knowledge partner for this endeavour. After years of various other global and pseudo global innovation (and IP) indices, it is a welcome development to see a national index that examines innovation within the country. It’s a 250+ page document with a substantial amount of data and analysis, as well as a large number of (very useful) graphical representations,…


Read More »
Innovation Patent

(Nobel) Prizes and Patents: Kremer and AMCs


News clipping with text quoting Abhijit Banerjee, "Yes. It was very early in the morning. I’m not an early morning person. I figured it would be an assault to the system if I don’t continue my sleep"

As readers know by now, the Nobel Prize in Economics (officially known as “The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel”) went to Esther Duflo, Abhijit Banerjee and Michael Kremer for their work in development economics. All three have done remarkable work and several sites have discussed this in varying degrees of detail as a web search will show (for eg: do check the Marginal Revolution blog which has listed out the various papers done by…


Read More »
Copyright Innovation

Should Indian Copyright Law Prevent Text and Data Mining?


We are incredibly excited to bring to our readers a guest post by the fantastic Dr. Arul George Scaria, on one of the most cutting-edge developments in technological developments which implicate copyright law – text and data mining and their status under Indian copyright law. Dr. Scaria is an Assistant Professor of Law and Co-Director of the Centre for Innovation, Intellectual Property and Competition (CIIPC). He is also an Affiliate Faculty of the CopyrightX program, which is a course offered…


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: The Story of ‘Sona Moti’


In the next post in the ongoing series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Natalie Kopytko, Post-Doctoral Research Associate at University of Leeds shares the story of a variety of wheat recently named Sona Moti. In way of context, the post briefly describes the current revival of ancient grains globally, specifically Emmer wheat varieties. The story of Sona Moti demonstrates the issues of traceability in variety development and the importance of intellectually property-broad. The Story of Sona Moti Natalie Kopytko…


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Model Farms and Farmers in Seva


In the next post in the ongoing series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Natalie Kopytko, Post-Doctoral Research Associate at University of Leeds shares stories of farmers creating model farms to educate others about natural farming methods. The cultivation techniques are a crucial aspect to sustainable innovations; moreover, this story discusses community support and socio-economic sustainability. Model Farms and Farmers in Seva Natalie Kopytko Cultivation of traditional varieties, often termed Desi seeds, require no external inputs (chemical fertilizers or pesticides)….


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Rolling out DLT/Blockchain Based Solutions for Sustainable Seed Innovations – Ethical Issues (Part IV)


Rolling out DLT/Blockchain Based Solutions for Sustainable Seed Innovations: Ethical Issues to be Considered Mrinalini Kochupillai As discussed in Prong 3, blockchains/DLTs are essentially platforms that help manage data, and when designed and governed using appropriate models, can help solve problems of trust, traceability and equitable data collection, storage and use. Blockchain/DLT can also support and facilitate payments (including royalty payments) of equitable compensation to those sharing their data. Blockchains can be public or private (or a combination of public…


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part III)


Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part III) Mrinalini Kochupillai (iii) Seed Certification, Safety and Efficacy: Re-distributing responsibilities and rewards India’s Seeds Bill[1] that has been pending since 2004, aims to establish certain systems that can facilitate the emergence of regional, national as well as international markets for indigenous/heterogenous seeds. For example, the mandatory seed certification requirement can help farmers and farmer groups get their varieties quality tested and…


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part II)


Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation: Legal & Ethical Issues (Part II) Mrinalini Kochupillai Disengage Benefit Sharing for PGR Access from Downstream IPR Protection In the context of the Seed Treaty (and the Indian PPV & FR Act, 2001), it is necessary to re-think the current legal provisions that mandate benefit sharing only if the downstream research with PGRs is protected by intellectual property rights.[1] It may be possible to justify this current limitation…


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Supporting a Smooth Implementation of the Three-Pronged Approach to Sustainable Seed Innovation – Legal & Ethical Issues (Part I)


In the next four part post in the ongoing series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Dr. Mrinalini Kochupillai, co-investigator, Sustainable Seed Innovations 2.0 Project and corresponding author of the forthcoming SSI 2.0 Position Paper for the Government of India, identifies key legal hurdles that currently prevent sustainable seed innovations in India. The post also discusses how blockchain/DLT, coupled with AI/Machine learning applications can potentially help overcome these hurdles. The fourth part of this blog post also highlights certain ethical…


Read More »
Innovation Plant Variety Protection Traditional Knowledge

The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project: Laying the Foundation for Innovation


In the next post in the ongoing blog post series on The Sustainable Seed Innovations Project, Natalie Kopytko, Post-Doctoral Research Associate at University of Leeds shares stories of farmers using traditional methods to store seeds. Laying the Foundation for Innovation Natalie Kopytko A foundation seed is the ‘pure seed stocks grown by or under the supervision of a public agency for use in the production of registered and certified seed’. When it comes to ‘informal’ farmer-level innovation, foundation seed(s) take…


Read More »