Controller General Kurian continues march towards greater transparency at the Patent Office

In an absolutely fantastic effort to increase transparency at the Patent Office, Controller General of the Patents & Trademark Office Kurian has published on the patent office website details of the Prosecution History, Complete Specification and Examination Reports of published patent application and all details including e-Register in case of granted patents. The patent office information database has been renamed from IPIRS to the much cooler sounding – IPAIRS. This announcement has come shortly on the heels of another announcement that all trademark information was being put up on the website.

Up until now the patent office website carried only the patent specification, abstract and the publication dates of the application, filing etc. The latest additions to the IPAIRS system will be the First Examination Reports (FER) and the details of the Patent Register. With these additions the Patent Office has basically ensured that almost the entire file wrapper is available on the website. I would have provided more details on the new system except that it seems to be facing some preliminary glitches.

The publication of such information on the website greatly eases the process of retreiving information from the patent office. Prior to this information being put up on the website a patentee would have to necessarily end his agent to the Patent Office to carry out a physical inspection of the files after which he would have to apply for photocopies. By putting up this information on the website the CGPDTM has ensured that patentees and the general public can access information related to their patents in a cost-efficient manner.

We will get you more details on the website once it is fully functional.

Prashant Reddy

T. Prashant Reddy graduated from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore, with a B.A.LLB (Hons.) degree in 2008. He later graduated with a LLM degree (Law, Science & Technology) from the Stanford Law School in 2013. Prashant has worked with law firms in Delhi and in academia in India and Singapore. He is also co-author of the book Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas (OUP).


  1. Anonymous

    i tried this link but could not find any complete specification for published patent application.

    Also, for granted applications patent office do not provide drawings, i don’t know how useful this specification are without drawings, especially mechanical field

  2. Anonymous

    Notice says “Prosecution History, Complete Specification and Examination Reports” – I could not find a single FER or any prosecution history docs, no drawings (as rightly mentioned by anon.). They’v just changed th outlook and enabled the portal.

    We look for some positive changes in near future.


  3. Manish Garg

    I also tried to access this, but is still to be fully operational….but this step is worth the efforts by The Controller General, who deserves appreciation…

  4. Anonymous

    Glad to know that patent office has launched IPAIRS. I appreciate the efforts of Kurian. At least there is something available now, but at the same time there are some serious issues with the IPAIRS

    • Servers are very slow.
    • Search interface is hopeless; IPO should have taken a leaf or two from WIPO’s patentscope database or other patent databases.
    • Difficult to rely on the search results because some applications which have been published in PO journal are not retrieved.
    • No pdf copies of complete specification
    • Examination reports were missing for all the cases I looked up (10 in number).
    • Earlier PCT application entering national phase were given application number in a different format (IN/PCT/2001/1347/CHE). You can’t search them because the present system accepts application number in a different format which is 172/CHENP/2001.

    Other may have also experienced similar or other shortcomings.

    I wish IPO had studied USPTO PAIR system or EPO’s e-Register. In a country which boasts of its skilled IT manpower, it is surprising to see IPO came up with such a database. Is there a dearth of skilled IT professionals in our country??

    As far as I am concerned, I am not going to rely on the search results from this system. I will still like to browse PO Journal weekly and inspect patent register at the respective PO, at least for the time being!!

    I hope that they improve the system and remove inconsistencies.

  5. Anonymous

    Anonymous 2 again:
    Yesterday at 10 pm when I looked up the details of old format numbers, it has always thrown error while the current format numbers were displaying the respective records. Morning I tried IPARS site but the search interface was never loading. I just checked it a few minutes ago, the old format number appears to work OK. It is a bit surprising for me, but a good one!!

  6. Anonymous

    The link to the Controller’s decision is also not working. Could the Web Information Manager at least make sure that the site is in compliance with general best practices (like W3C) for websites or even with the Government of India-NIC guidelines.


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