The FICCI invitation that appears to have gone out to only a select few stated thus:
“FICCI is organizing a Seminar on the Public Funded R&D (Protection, Utilization and Regulation of Intellectual Property) Bill, 2007 on 16th October 2008, at 10.30 am, at Federation House, New Delhi. We are organizing this debate so that awareness about the utility of the Bill could be generated and misconceptions removed.
Hon’ble Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences, Mr. Kapil Sibal has kindly consented to deliver the Inaugural Address at this Seminar. The discussion will involve all the stakeholders namely scientists, venture capitalists, industry, academia and the Government.”
How many stakeholders were involved in this event? Was this a public event (albeit subject to registration etc) or a “secret” event, mirroring a key attribute of the alleged subject matter of its discussion, the Public Funded R&D (Protection, Utilization and Regulation of Intellectual Property) Bill, 2007 OR more commonly the Indian Bayh Dole? I didn’t see any reference to this event on the FICCI website.
Most importantly perhaps, has the bill been made public? I didn’t see a copy of it on the DST website the last time I checked. Or the FICCI website, particularly since FICCI appears to be taking credit for having drafted this legislation. See this report by Evalueserve here which states:
“Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) has drafted the Indianised version of the Bayh-dole Act by the name of ‘Public Funded Research and Development (Protection, Utilisation and Regulation of Intellectual Property) Bill, 2007’.”
It’s rather paradoxical that one would profess to “organize this debate so that awareness about the utility of the Bill could be generated and misconceptions removed” and allegedly “involve all the stakeholders” when the Bill itself has not been made public! It happens only in India.
What makes this continuing secrecy around the Bill even more puzzling is the fact that other legislative efforts by the DST have all been made publicly available at initial stages. Consider the Medical Devices Regulation Bill and more recently, the Innovation Act, both of which were put up on the DST website as soon as a draft was ready. As to why the same transparency norms cannot be followed in the case of the Indian Bayh Dole Bill is unfathomable. Who is the government afraid of here?
Perhaps this bill ought to be relabeled as the “Indian Publicly Funded Secret Bill”. And the recent Innovation Act with extensive provisions on “trade secrecy” ought to be expanded to include “secrecy” measures by the Government in drafting legislations of public import!
It is a real shame that even depsite myriad calls for transparency from the media and several stakeholders, the govt and FICCI continue to unabashedly keep this important piece of legislative effort a secret. And we are supposed to be the world’s largest democracy!
However, we are happy to note that the Minister is now “re-examining” the Bill to address certain concerns that have been raised. Unfortunately, the scope of review appears rather limited to nothing more than a mere dotting of T’s and I’s.
See this latest update from Soma Das of the Financial Express who notes:
“The government has decided to reconsider the aspects of the Bill that seeks to enable the universities and research institutions to patent government-funded research, before it is tabled in the Parliament….
Although the Bill figured on the agenda of the Cabinet last Thursday, Sibal preferred a thorough review of the policy framework before a final decision on the issue is taken. Paying heed to the concerns that have been raised in several quarters and refuting claims that the Bill has not been made available for public debate, Sibal said that the bill will discussed thoroughly in public domain before it turns into an Act.
There are also other provisions envisaged in the Bill that led the experts, industry and NGOs to protest…..Shamnad Basheer of Oxford IP research centre feels in the current draft an inventor has no say in whether or not his/her invention is best left in the public domain. Instead, it is for the government-funding agency to decide the fate of the technology in question. He adds the Bill assumes that industry will not invest in university research unless such research is patented and then exclusively licensed to industry. However, in a few cases, particularly when the technologies stand for larger public good deserve wider dissemination, the Bill needs to encourage non-exclusive licensing.”
We are indeed happy that the Minister has withdrawn the Indian Bayh Dole bill to address certain concerns. However, we urge the Hon’ble Minister to use this occasion to promote transparency by publishing the Bill. And to engage the public more constructively by utilising their collective wisdom to arrive at a more evolved version of a bill.