The role of Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. in the IPRS controversy

One of the questions asked by the Registrar of Copyrights in his notice to IPRS (available over here) pertained to the role of Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. in the collection of royalties on behalf of IPRS. Javed Akhtar & Co. had alleged in their complaint to the Registrar, dated 26th December, 2010, (available over here) that IPRS was licensing their content to Select Media in violation of Section 33 of the Copyright Act, 1957. (Previous posts on the topic available over here and here)

This question was posed even in the original inquiry conducted in 2009 by the Registrar of Copyrights (available over here). When we covered this topic in February we had absolutely no idea of the precise role of the Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. Our own investigation into the documents available on the website of the Registrar of Companies was able to discern that Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. was some-how involved in the distribution of music, movies from Bollywood. (available over here) The only other link we could establish between Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. and IPRS or PPL was the fact that this company shared the same auditor as PPL. The turnover of this company was Rs. 126.74 crores with a profit of Rs. 4.9 crores and yet it did not have a website.

The 3rd February, 2011 reply to the Registrar of Copyrights by IPRS (available over here) finally provides us with an accurate picture of Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. exact role in the licensing of music.

According to IPRS most of its owner-members had informed it that most of the major television broadcasting channels had been requesting for a ‘single window’ licence for music played on T.V. Normally a T.V. channel would have to negotiate with both IPRS & PPL for any music that it plays. A ‘single window’ would involve the creation of one entity which would licence both these rights to the content users. As a result of this demand from its members, the Governing Council/Board of Directors of IPRS passed a resolution approving the collection of royalties through a ‘single window’ and entered into a MoU with PPL for this very purpose. IPRS then claims that PPL appointed Select Media Holdings Pvt. Ltd. to issue licences for all Indian Channels except Zee T.V. The royalties collected by Select Media Holding Pvt. Ltd. would then be distributed between IPRS & PPL.

The ‘single window’ concept makes excellent commercial sense because any person who want a licence for the sound recording has to take a licence for even the underlying works. Combining both licences into a ‘single window’ greatly reduces the transaction costs involved in licensing In fact if memory serves me right the draft Indo-E.U. Free Trade Agreement required India to create similar mechanism.

The Registrar of Copyrights is now most probably focussing the investigation on the following two issues:

(i) What are the terms of the IPRS-PPL MoU?
(ii) Whether or not it is legal for IPRS and PPL to appoint Select Media Holding Pvt. Ltd. as a ‘single window’ agent for collection of royalties?

Prashant Reddy

T. Prashant Reddy graduated from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore, with a B.A.LLB (Hons.) degree in 2008. He later graduated with a LLM degree (Law, Science & Technology) from the Stanford Law School in 2013. Prashant has worked with law firms in Delhi and in academia in India and Singapore. He is also co-author of the book Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas (OUP).


  1. Anonymous

    Most of the Posts on Spicy IP confirms that Working of PPL & IPRS is not proper. Members of Both the Societies are not getting the Royalties which they should get. In turn, Both of These Copyright Societies are Eating Creators Money…
    HRD Ministry should look into All these matters raised by Spicy IP very much seriously…


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