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Prarthana Patnaik

Prarthana Patnaik is a final year law student at National Law University Odisha. Her main interests lie in copyright, open access and technology laws. She can be reached for queries and topic suggestions at [email protected]

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SpicyIp Weekly Review (May 6-12)


Divij broke the news about a recent order delivered by the Bombay HC in the Tips Industries v. Wynk Music matter, wherein the Court decided upon the applicability of the statutory licensing scheme under Section 31D of the Copyright Act to online streaming services. The Court, in its order, held that internet broadcasting is not covered under Section 31D. In his post, Divij also delves into the question of whether there is a need to introduce internet streaming services into Indian copyright law. I…


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Geographical Indication Others

Delhi HC Clarifies the Ambit of the Seeds Act in Relation to GIs


Can the Seeds Act govern GIs?-The Delhi HC, in an interesting order issued last month, dealt with this question in some detail. The factual matrix is simple here; The Ministry of Agriculture had, through an Office Memorandum (OM), set forth the characteristics of “Basmati” rice variety. They had further stated through another OM that in order to ensure the linkage between the variety and the GI, only such Basmati varieties which were  grown in Indo-Gangetic area would come under the…


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Trademark

Bombay HC Imposes A Whopping Amount Of Rs. 5 Cr Costs For Trademark Infringement


On April 15, 2019, the Bombay HC imposed costs of Rs. 5 crores in its order in Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation vs. Kishor D Jain & Anr. Nippon Steel, represented by Remfry and Sagar, filed a suit when they received a complaint made to them by Yanbu Steel Company, a trading company based in Saudi Arabia, about the quality of some Carbon Seamless Pipes which were to be used in oil plants. The company informed Nippon Steel that…


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SpicyIP Weekly Review (April 22-28)


Thematic Highlight In her second application for the SpicyIP Fellowship 2019-20, Arushi wrote a post on Article 13 (now Article 17, in the final text) of the EU Directive. In her post, she focusses on the economic rationale of copyright law i.e., the trade-off between the cost of creation and the incentive to create. She concludes that Article 13 fails to balance this trade-off due to overuse of automation and the threats it poses to the participatory culture of the internet….


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Comparative Advertising Trademark

All About Men’s Fairness Creams and Generic Disparagement


In a country where a person’s beauty is usually based on the melanin content in one’s skin, products promising fairness and “even skin tone” are abundantly available in the Indian cosmetics industry, most of which target the fairer sex (pun intended) as their main customer base. Lately, however, the Indian cosmetics industry has been acknowledging changing gender roles and the  shift from traditional perceptions of masculinity and femininity by introducing beauty products especially targeted towards men, including fairness products. A…


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SpicyIP Weekly Review (1-7 April)


Thematic Highlight  I had written a two-part post on the Notice on Plant Breeders’ Rights. In the first post, I examined the history of seed price control orders in India and the main highlights of the Notice and the controversial relation between the Patents Act and the Plant Varieties  Act in relation to Monsanto’s dispute with Indian seed companies. In my post, I conclude that both the legislations co-exist harmoniously. In the follow-up post, I examine the the clash between the Central…


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Patent Plant Variety Protection

The Notice on Plant Breeders’ Rights (II)- Who is to monitor Seed Prices?


In my previous post, I had summarised Monsanto’s past dealings with Indian seed companies and the history of seed price control orders in India. I had also pointed out the confusion regarding the applicability of both, the Patents Act and Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Rights Act (PPVFR Act), to Bt cotton seeds. From the Notice, it is clear that it seeks to give clarification on the powers of the Plant Authority to monitor prices of registered plant varieties…


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Patent Plant Variety Protection

The Notice on Plant Breeders’ Rights (I)-The Apparent Conflict between the Patents Act and the Plant Varieties Act


The Notice on Plant Breeders’ Rights (“Notice”) has opened a whole new can of (boll)worms! In this post, I hope to describe the following: The convoluted history of seed price control orders in India Main features of the Notice (as above mentioned) The controversial relationship between the Patents Act,1970 and the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Rights (“PPVFR”) Act, 2001 (in so far as it relates to the dispute involving Monsanto and the domestic seed companies) Monsanto’s BG Technology and…


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Others

On the Delhi High Court’s “Green” Order


In a recent order, Justice Najmi Waziri of the Delhi High Court imposed a cost of Rs. 80 lakhs on the respondent party. Stating that the sum ought to be utilised for the larger public good, he went on to order the respondents to plant a large number of trees! Factual Background The petitioners have a patent in Sitagliptin (a pharmaceutical composition used to treat diabetes) and sold it under the brand names Januvia and Janumet, amongst other names. The repondent’s…


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Others

SpicyIP Fortnightly Review (March 11-24)


Divij wrote a post on the draft e-commerce policy released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade. In his post, he focusses on the anti-counterfeiting measures to be adopted by e-commerce platforms and how they may adversely affect the freedom of small vendors and marketplaces. He then analyses the anti-piracy measures to be adopted and the suggestion to return to the notice and takedown approach for copyrighted content. He notes that this may lead to a disproportionate…


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