Copyright

Lok Sabha passes the Copyright (Amendment) Bill, 2012 with overwhelming support from the Opposition


Earlier today, the Lok Sabha on the last day of the current budget session, unanimously voted in support of the Copyright (Amendment) Bill, 2012, which has been pending in Parliament for the last two years, with overwhelming support from members across the political spectrum. Minister Sibal was also commended by all the speakers for the amendments being brought in by the Bill. The Bill had been passed by the Rajya Sabha on 17th of May, 2012. We had blogged about it over here. Today’s debates can be accessed over here, here and here. Please note that these are the uncorrected versions of the debate. Minister’s Sibal’s speech introducing the Bill on the floor of the House can be accessed over here
The Bill was originally not listed for voting in revised ‘list of business’ but in the supplementary to the list of business. Given the last minute listing of the Bill, it appears that Minister Sibal was determined to have this bill passed in this session itself. Normally such last minute additions to the ‘list of business’ have great potential to elicit opposition from the opposition. However in this particular case, the Leader of Opposition Ms. Sushma Swaraj herself commended the Speaker for accelerating the passage of this very important legislation. 
Sushma Swaraj. Image from here
Ms. Swaraj who spoke for a good twenty minutes, delivered a speech which was as passionate, if not more, than Javed Akhtar’s speech in the Rajya Sabha. Leaving aside the legalese and nuances of the Bill Ms. Swaraj narrated how she had heard stories of great song-writers from the sixties and seventies dying in penury and how leading lights of the creative community such as Javed Akhtar & Vishal Bharadwaj had urged her to support the rights of the creative community in the Bill. While I’m sure that I’m losing some of her speech in translation, I think her most emphatic statement was when she stated that a society was judged by how it treated its artists and musicians and how Indian composers and song-writers have suffered great injustice and that the only way to offer some redemption in these circumstances was to ensure passage of the Bill. Her speech can be viewed on Youtube over here
Ms. Swaraj’s speech was followed by Mr. Shashi Tharoor, an author of some repute himself who in his free time also authors some rather brilliant tweets such as the one where he had to fly cattle class in deference to ‘our holy cows’. 
Other speakers included Sharad Yadav, Mr. Shailendra Kumar, Mr. Anup Kumar Saha. 
Minister Sibal. Image from here.
Mr. Saha who is a CPI(M) MP from West Bengal informed the House that the Minister had very ‘cleverly’ dropped the parallel imports clause to protect the interests of publishers and demanded that parallel imports be allowed. 
The amendments will now have to be officially notified into law by the Government of India after which the Copyright (Amendment) Bill, 2012 will have the force of law. 
While I am almost certain that these amendments will be challenged in Courts by the next month on the grounds of constitutionality, I would think that tonight should be a night of celebration for all those who have toiled hard to ensure the smooth passage of the Bill.
Prashant Reddy

Prashant Reddy

T. Prashant Reddy graduated from the National Law School of India University, Bangalore, with a B.A.LLB (Hons.) degree in 2008. He later graduated with a LLM degree (Law, Science & Technology) from the Stanford Law School in 2013. Prashant has worked with law firms in Delhi and in academia in India and Singapore. He is also co-author of the book Create, Copy, Disrupt: India's Intellectual Property Dilemmas (OUP).

6 comments.

  1. AvatarAARTI KATHARIYA

    Dear People,

    While I welcome the amendments in teh bill, there is a lot of ambiguity in the new clauses.

    For eg – authors and music composers have right to receive royalties on every exploitation of their work, except when the entire film (including their work),is exhibited through cinema houses. So when the entire film is broadcasted through satellite TV, internet or any other medium; the authors and composers have a right?

    Technically, all of the above should also be excluded as their work is included in the movie, for which the authors and composers assign their complete rights. The only exception should be when their works are exploited by the publisher or producer separately and not part of the movie. We have IPRS; who collects royalties for all such exploitation and it is easy to allocate the royalties between the producers, authors and composers. But when a lumpsum deal isclosed by a producer for the satellite rights for the ENTIRE FILM; how does one determine the amount of royalty payable to an author or a composer for that one or two songs in the movie?

    Also, while the rates for broadcast on TV and radio is to be determined by the Copyright Board; which is already over-burdened;how will the royalties flow till then?

    While there are several other loopholes; I am keen to get a feedback on the above major issues.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Aarti Kathariya-Mhatre

    Reply
  2. AvatarAnonymous

    The Amendments are an absolute reflection of how erratic the Parliament functions and the extent of disconnect between the Parliament and film industry.

    The bill has been drafted by someone and Mr. Akhtar has certainly not drafted the bill) but some premier law school graduate who has nothing much contructive to do and has drafted the bill without an idea of how the industry functions. Equally mindless has been the standing Committee which allowed the bill to pass in jest to show the world what good legislative drafters they are.

    The draft will create a chaos in the industry.

    Reply
  3. Avataranushree rauta

    Drawbacks of the Bill:
    1. No clarity in royalty mechanism and distribution between producers, authors of underlying works and performers
    2. Freedom of contract between producers and authors of underlying works taken away. Violative of Article 19 (1) (g)
    3. ability of producer to enter into a contract of service is taken away.
    4. performer’s royalty rights for commercial use-vague and would result into a chaotic situation.
    5. 31-D would have an adverse effect on economic viability of the film and music industry.

    Reply
  4. Avatarkrishnan subramanian

    The draft of the amendment bill had changes to Section 2(d) (v) – definition of author in relation to a cinematograph film – i.e. the deletion of sound recording and inclusion of principal director & introduction of (VI) – in relation to a sound recording the producer.
    In the amendment bill, these don’t seem to be there. Was this a mistake or was it omitted?

    Reply

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