Comparative Advertising Copyright Geographical Indication Patent

SpicyIP Fortnightly Review (January 11-24)


Topical Highlight Delhi HC Order Cripples Authors’ Royalty Rights in Underlying Works I critiqued the Delhi High Court’s order in IPRS v. ENIL, which held that underlying works incorporated in sound recordings are not utilized and do not incur royalty when the sound recording is used. I briefly review how the 2012 Amendment was brought in to recognise authors of underlying works’ inalienable right to royalty. In this order, the court has accepted the argument that it is the producer…


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Copyright

Delhi HC Order Cripples Authors’ Royalty Rights in Underlying Works


A shocking order delivered by the Delhi HC on 4th January in IPRS v. ENIL and PPL v. CRI Events, only days after the landmark radio royalty statutory license order, has held that underlying works incorporated in sound recordings are not utilized and do not incur royalty when the sound recording is used! The order goes on to interpret the 2012 Amendment in a manner that almost completely extinguishes the rights of authors of underlying works. Underlying Works and Royalty…


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Copyright

IPAB’s First Statutory License Order Overhauls Radio Royalty System


On 31st December 2020, an IPAB bench consisting of the Chairman Manmohan Singh J. and two technical members Surya Senthil and SP Chockalingam, delivered a grand statutory license order for radio broadcasts under Section 31D of the Copyright Act. We had previously blogged about the Public Notice issued by IPAB seeking suggestions from stakeholders for the fixation of these rates. The notice came in the wake of the expiry of the erstwhile Copyright Board’s compulsory license order (CB order) under Section…


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Copyright

Take Two!: Screenwriters Rights Association of India Applies for Registration as Copyright Society… Again


[This post has been co-authored with Varsha Jhavar.] Recently, the Screenwriters Rights Association of India (SRAI) filed a revised application before the Registrar of Copyrights to be recognised as a copyright society under Section 33 of the Copyright Act, 1957. SRAI aims to negotiate, collect and distribute royalties on behalf of screenwriters in works authored by them. It had previously applied for registration in 2017 as well, but the application disappeared for unknown reasons (see the discussion here). On 27 November…


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Copyright Others Patent Trademark

SpicyIP Weekly Review (December 21 – 27)


Topical Highlight Time to More Seriously Question the Spectre of Copyright in the Realm of Education Swaraj reported that SciHub and LibGen were taken to court by Elsevier UK, Wiley India, Wiley Periodicals USA, and American Chemical Society for copyright infringement, seeking a dynamic injunction. He highlights several issues that are likely to gain attention regarding this dispute – the contrast between the heavy profit-making, increasingly online model of the publishers and Sci-Hub and LibGen’s complete non-profit, no charge, no…


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Patent

The Section 3(e) Soup: What Makes for Synergistic Effect?


Earlier this month, Pune-based home maker Shubhangi Patil was granted a patent over her unique ragi walnut soup mix composition (Edit: Application No. 201621034764). The mix claims to combine ragi (finger millet) and walnut to create a nutrient-rich substitute for non-vegetarian foods containing calcium, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids which can be used to treat Vitamin B12 deficiency. According to the patentee’s statements to The Hindu’s Business Line, she invented the soup out of necessity owing to her husband’s health…


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Design Others Patent Trademark

SpicyIP Weekly Review (December 14 – 20)


Topical Highlight India on TRIPS Waiver: Will WTO pass the test of humanity? Swaraj gave us an overview of India’s statement on the on-going TRIPS Waiver proposal, delivered at the WTO TRIPS General Council Meeting held from 16th-18th December, 2020. He explains that India strongly appealed to WTO’s responsibility to respond during this time of crisis and also pointed out that COVAX and ACT-accelerator were inadequate to meet global needs. India’s statement also indirectly calls out the hypocrisy in developed…


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COVID-19 Innovation Patent

COVID-19 Vaccines: Patent Ownership and the Barriers to Equitable Access


The race to develop vaccines for COVID-19 has edged closer to its finishing line with at least three candidates announcing positive results from their vaccine trials. While this may appear to be the light at the end of the tunnel, the focus now shifts towards equally challenging issues of availability, accessibility, and affordability of vaccines. In this post, I discuss the vaccines developed by Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech and AstraZeneca-Oxford, the complex ownership status of their intellectual property, the bilateral pre-purchase deals…


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COVID-19 Patent

Dapagliflozin Injunction Denied: Of Double-Patenting and Coverage-Disclosure Dichotomy


In a very notable recent order, AstraZeneca was denied an interim injunction by the Delhi High Court against Intas Pharmaceuticals and Alkem Laboratories (Defendants) in a case relating to the manufacture of anti-diabetic drug Dapagliflozin, which allegedly infringed AstraZeneca’s patents IN 205147 (IN ‘147) as well as IN 235625 (IN ‘625). The order has revealed what could turn out to be a case of double-patenting that has escaped scrutiny for 17 years! It also explores important questions regarding coverage-disclosure dichotomy…


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Geographical Indication Trademark

SpicyIP Weekly Review (November 9 – 15)


Topical Highlight Amendments to the Copyright Act: Hidden Consultations and the Missing Public Angle of Copyright Law – Part I In the first of this two-part post, Nikhil discussed the consultation process initiated by the Copyright Office to amend the Copyright Act which happens to involve only industry stakeholders. He explains that these opaque, closed-door consultations are antithetical to the interests of open access, creativity, culture, and freedom of expression and might be paving the way towards the privatisation of…


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